Regulation of Air Pollution: South Africa

I. IntroductionII. National Environmental Management: Air Quality ActIII. Fuel Emission StandardsIV. Carbon Tax BillSouth Africa’s GHG emissions are among the highest in the world and its absolute carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rank among the top twenty countries, “with emissions per capita in the region of 10 metric tons per annum.”The 2011 National Climate Change White Paper described this challenge as follows: South Africa has national and international legal obligation to reduce its emissions. The Bill of Rights section of the South African Constitution includes an environment clause, which states that South Africa is party to a number of multinational environmental agreements. These include the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which South Africa ratified in 1997; the Kyoto Protocol, which South Africa ratified in 2002; and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, ratified by South Africa in 2016.In the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, South Africa committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 34% below its current levels (see below) by 2020 and 42% below c...Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas gaz sf6 are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.Get price

Overview of sf6 gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of sf6 gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.Get price

Overview of Air Quality and Emission Standards in South Africa

Overview of Air Quality and Emission Standards in South Africa Mercury Emissions Inventory Workshop 19 August 2011 . Presented by: Heinrich Wingrove . Control Environmental Officer Grade: A . Air Quality MonitoringGet price

Tracking Down the Greenhouse Gas Sulfr hexafluoride with Infrared Thermography

• Early systems for detecting sf6 gas gas emissions relied on a combination of infrared imaging and active CO2 laser illumination. • Called Backscatter Absorption Gas Imaging (BAGI) – A CO2 laser is scanned over the target area – Reflected laser energy is captured by the IR camera forming an imageGet price

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South Africa’s GHG Emissions Data Lacks Consistency and

Jun 06, 2019 · South Africa’s GHG emissions are 1.1 percent of the global emissions, while the country’s share of global GDP is only 0.6 percent. The latest National Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory 2000 to 2012 shows that South Africa’s total emissions increased from approximately 434 Mt CO2e in 2000 to 518 Mt CO2e in 2012.Get price

Chapter 10 Air quality - environment.gov.za

Figure 10. 1: Consumption of petrol and diesel in South Africa from 1988 to 2009. Source: SAPIA (2012) 10.3.2 . Electricity generation and consumption. The generation of electricity in South Africa is largely dependent on coal. The generation of electricity through . coal-fired power stations results in the emission of pollutantsGet price

Mitigation of GHG emissions now an obligation for South

Oct 16, 2017 · Silvana Claassen, CES South Africa. Following the promulgation of the National Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulations during April this year, the National Pollution Prevention Plans Regulations were announced in the Government Gazette 40996 on 21 July together with the Declaration of Greenhouse Gases as Priority Air Pollutants.Get price

National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act

(a) its holding company or corporation or legal entity, registered in South Africa in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of South Africa; (b) all its subsidiaries and legally held operations, including joint ventures and partnerships where it has a controlling interest, or is nominated as the responsibleGet price

A BULK MODEL OF EMISSIONS FROM SOUTH AFRICAN DIESEL

A number of initiatives have resulted from concerns about air quality in South Africa most notable perhaps being the Brown Haze Study and the Vehicle Emissions Project (VEP) (19,26,30) commissioned by the Department of Minerals and Energy and the Department of Environment and Tourism. The VEP consisted of Five Phases as follows:Get price

Considerations for revising the Draft National Greenhouse Gas

greenhouse gas emissions in South Africa. Emissions are easier to track over time if they are tied to physical sources, rather than corporate entities that can change over time.7 In addition, facility-level data would be necessary to implement cap-and-trade program and other similar regulatory initiatives.8 3. Specific Greenhouse Gases Covered a.Get price

South Africa CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

Fossil CO2 emissions in South Africa were 390,557,850 tons in 2016. CO2 emissions decreased by -0.49% over the previous year, representing a dicrease by -1,909,370 tons over 2015, when CO2 emissions were 392,467,220 tons. CO2 emissions per capita in South Africa are equivalent to 6.95 tons per person (based on a population of 56,207,646 in 2016 ), a dicrease by -0.14 over the figure of 7.09 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of -1.9% in CO2 emissions per capita.Get price

South Africa aims to reach net zero emissions in 2050 - while

Sep 16, 2020 · South Africa aims to reach net zero emissions in 2050 – while still burning coal Published on 16/09/2020, 5:01pm In a low emissions strategy, South Africa flagged an aspiration to become a net zero economy by 2050, but its energy plan foresees a continued role for coalGet price

The relationship between mantle pH and the deep nitrogen

A multiple linear regression on PC ƒO 2 and P/T series for micafluid data yields the following equation to predict N partitioning applicable to slab dehydration scenarios (R 2 = 0.75, P-value = 0Get price

HUA OT IX SOUTH AFRICA - Climate Transparency

specific taxes on energy use. South Africa did not have an explicit carbon tax or an emissions trading system. South Africa priced 55% of carbon emissions from energy use, and 11% were priced above € 30/tCO 2 (~US$ 37).17 4.3 US$/tCO 2 Source: OECD, 2016 EFFECTIVE CARBON RATE IN 201217 for non-road energy, excluding biomass emissions SOUTH AFRICAGet price

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South Africa South and Central America Baghouses and Particulate Matter Continuous Emission Monitor Systems (PM CEMS) Solutions and gaz sf6-Bushings. H.V. BushingGet price

South Africa Emission Reduction Challenges - Climate Scorecard

South Africa faces many challenges when it comes to reducing its GHG emissions. The most challenging remains it’s largely energy dependent economy. The South African economy is dependent on coal for 93% of its electricity generation, an energy-intensive industrial sector, and an energy sector responsible for 82% of total GHG emission (DEA, 2014).Get price

sf 6 Leak Detection wika

The 3-033-R501 SF 6 Gas Leak Detector raises the industry benchmark for portable SF 6 gas leak detection. It is capable of detecting emissions as small as 0.3 oz/yr in less than one second! The SF 6 Gas Leak Detector can be used to locate and quantify gas leaks, log them, and then total them in a leak group system.Get price

Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from South Africa

Sep 26, 2012 · South Africa is the 13th largest emitting country based on 2008 fossil-fuel CO 2 emissions and the largest emitting country on the continent of Africa. With a domestic economy powered by coal, South Africa has experienced a seven-fold increase in fossil-fuel CO 2 emissions since 1950, with 80-90% of emissions from coal. For 2008, 85% of South Africafossil-fuel CO 2 emissions of 119 million metric tons of carbon were from coal, another 11.6% were from oil consumption, and the remainder wasGet price

National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act (39/2004

Environmental Laws and Legislation in South Africa National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act (39/2004) – List of activities which result in atmospheric emissions which have or may have a significant detrimental effect on the environment, including health, social, economic, ecological conditionsGet price

GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA - Home | Department of

4 GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA 2000 - 2010 PREFACE This report has been compiled for the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) in response to South Africa’s obligation to report their greenhouse (GHG) emissions to international climate change bodies .The report is prepared in accordance with the United Nations FrameworkGet price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in South Africa

South Africa’s total GHG emissions grew 44% from 1990-2012. The average annual change during this period was 1.7%, with sector-specific average annual changes as follows: energy (1.9%), agriculture (<1%), IP (5.3%), waste (1%), and LUCF (1.7%).2 Energy: According to WRI CAIT, South Africa’s energy emissions increased by 127 MtCO 2 eGet price

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insulating gas Optical Gas Imaging Camera The FLIR GF306 optical gas imaging camera visualizes sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) and other gas emissions without the need to shut down operations. Sulfr hexafluoride is used in the electric power industry as an insulator and quenching medium for gas-insulated substations and circuit breakers.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Southern Africa

Aug 18, 2016 · November 2015 Energy: Changes in the region’s energy sector GHG emissions are driven by South Africa’s and Angola’s high energy emissions. With 95% of Africa’s total coal reserves but limited oil and natural gas, South Africa meets most of its energyGet price

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What is the carbon emission factor for the South African

emission factor, the values used in registered CDM projects in South Africa vary widely, both due to changes in the rules over time and also to misappli-cation of the rules. This paper shows how the appli-cation of the latest guidelines gives a ‘combined margin emission factor’for South Africa of0.957 tCO 2/MWh in 2009/2010. The variationGet price

Direct methane and nitrous oxide emissions of South African

re-calculate the direct methane and nitrous oxide emissions of dairy and beef production cattle in South Africa, taking in consideration the uniqueness of the South African scenario and using a refined Tier 2 to approach. The Tier 2 methodology seeks to define animals, animal productivity, diet quality andGet price

IR Camera Detects Sulfur Hexafluoride (sf 6) | New Equipment

Description. FLIR Systems has announced its latest in ground-breaking infrared technology - the ThermaCAM® GasFindIR-LW infrared camera. Based on a first-of-its-kind, patent-pending technology, the GasFindIR-LW can detect Sulfur Hexafluoride (gaz sf6), the colorless, odorless, nontoxic, and nonflammable “greenhouse gas” that is used as an insulator in high voltage equipment by the electric utility industry.Get price

SOUTH AFRICA’S NEW PASSENGER VEHICLE CO EMISSION STANDARDS: 2

SOUTH AFRICA’S NEW PASSENGER VEHICLE CO 2 EMISSION STANDARDS 1. VEHICLE MARKET OVERVIEW South Africa is the largest new passenger vehicle (PV) market on the African continent and is the 18th largest market globally (Figure 1-1). In calendar year 2015, a total of 412,670 new passenger vehicles were sold in the country. Between 2010 and 2015, newGet price