Tracking Down the Greenhouse Gas Sulfr hexafluoride with Infrared Thermography

and emitted. The wavelength of IR energy is about an order of magnitude longer than visible light, between 0.7 and 1000 µm (millionths of a meter). Visible: 0.4‐0.7 μm Near IR: 0.7‐~1 μm IR Short wave: 1‐3 μm IR Mid wave: 3‐5 μm IR Long wave: 8‐14 μm GasFindIR GasFindIR‐LW Visible lightGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas Sulfr hexafluoride are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.Get price

U.S. Security Cooperation With Iraq - United States

Jan 20, 2021 · The United States and Iraq are working collectively toward the common goal of a stable, secure, and prosperous Middle East. Iraq is also a vital U.S. partner on a wide range of regional security issues. The United States works with Iraq to increase cooperation on border security, maritime security, arms transfers, cybersecurity, conventional weapons destruction, […]Get price


A BIS license is required to transfer within Iraq any item subject to the EAR exported or reexported pursuant to a specific license issued by the Department of the Treasury prior to July 30, 2004. A license is also required to transfer in-country any items subject to the EAR that were exported under a license exception in the EAR or a generalGet price

Frequently Asked Questions: Regulation for Reducing Sulfur

Jan 22, 2019 · during the year, are the assumed emissions and emission rates zero? No. There is the possibility that gas cylinders may be defective or had valves left open, which can cause emissions. Hence, SF 6 gas cylinders must be weighed annually at the end of each calendar year. 27. Are the SF 6 data required to be reported expected to cover all SF 6Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - NIST

Infrared SpectrumReferencesNotesGo To: Top, References, Notes Data compilation copyrightby the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A.All rights reserved. Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. LaffertyGet price

Background Reference: Iraq - Energy Information Administration

OverviewPetroleum and Other LiquidsNatural GasElectricityEndnotesKurdistan Regional Government and BaghdadGet price

Electricity Transmission and Distribution Greenhouse Gas

Sulfur hexafluoride is a commonly used insulator in electricity transmission and distribution equipment. Because of its high global warming potential (GWP), CARB adopted the Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear in 2010.Get price


The humanitarian response in Iraq has seen an uptake of cash and voucher assistance (CVA) since 2014, with the for- mation of the Cash Working Group (CWG) in 2014, chaired by UNHCR (currently WFPGet price

Profile on Environmental and Social Considerations in Iraq

Republic of Iraq is located in the Middle East, boardering on Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey. Following maps are attached; location map as Figure 1.1-1, administrativeGet price

U.S.-Iraq Strategic Framework and Status of Forces Agreement

Iraq agreement, negotiated and executed out of the sight of Congress, might bind the hands of both the next adminis tration and the Congress, a nd might include a role for U.S. troops in Iraq that exceeds the scope of the 2002 congressi onal authorization to use force in Iraq.5 On the other hand, certain Members argue that the President isGet price

Overview of insulating gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

) emissions has evolved, so have practices . for handling and managing those emissions. The industry in the United States is much more efficient in managing SF. 6. emissions today than it was in the 1990s. 1. This report provides an overview of SF. 6. emissions . sources and reduction opportunities throughout the gas’s lifecycle in the powerGet price

Infrared Tables (short summary of common absorption frequencies)

IR Summary - All numerical values in the tables below are given in wavenumbers, cm-1 Bonds to Carbon (stretching wave numbers) CC not used CN 1000-1350 CC CC CO 1050-1150 CC CN CO 1250 1100-1350 1600-1680 sp3 C-X single bonds sp2 C-X single bonds sp2 C-X double bonds sp C-X triple bonds CN 1640-1690 CO 1640-1810 CN 2100-2250 2240-2260Get price

Financial Service Providers and Transfer Mechanisms Mapping

Iraq. HRP 2021: Guidance note for Shelter and NFI actors (December 31st, 2020) Format Manual and Guideline Sources. Shelter Cluster; UNHCR; Posted 31 Dec 2020Get price

Technical Report UDC 543 . 5 : 669 . 14 - 4 Infrared Emission

Number of scan times: 200 (All IR emission spectra were meas-ured with 200 scan times.) The Herschel FT/IR-610 FT-IR was provided with a window to admit infrared emission from outside the equipment. The FT-IR is capable of efficiently diffracting parallel beams let in through the window. Since the infrared emission is weak, an MCT detector, whichGet price

IR - spectroscopy

Regions of the IR spectrum 7 . Regions of the IR spectrum 8 . Alkanes H H H 2959 cm-1 Q as CH) CH 3 H H 2928 cm-1 Q as QCH) CH 2 H H H 2875 cm-1 s CH) CH 3 H H 2862Get price

Iraq Crude Oil Export Expansion Project - Hydrocarbons Technology

Development Phases of The Iraq Crude Oil Export Pipeline ExpansionConstruction and Infrastructure of The Pipeline ExpansionConnection of The Single-Point Mooring SystemsIraq Crude Oil Expansion Project ContractsThe project is being developed in three phases. The $733m first phase included installation and commissioning of two 48in diameter pipelines (around 8km onshore and 43km offshore), an onshore facility at Fao terminal, 120km offshore terminal, SCADA systems and two SPMs. Two more SPMs are also installed but will start functioning once phase two is built. The crude tankers will be connected to the SPM buoys for offtaking the oil. The $500m phase two will include fabrication and installation of a central metering and manifold platform (CMMP), located near the existing pipelines of the Al Başrah Oil Terminal (ABOT). Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has financed $518m for the phase three offshore infrastructure expansion. Phase three will be known as the JICA Sealine Project. It will include installation of a third 48in diameter pipeline, a valve station near to the existing ABOT pipeline, and another SPM.Get price

Renewal in Iraq - Archives

Fact Sheet: The Strategic Framework Agreement and the Security Agreement with Iraq. The United States and the government of Iraq have negotiated two historic agreements: a Strategic Framework Agreement (SFA) that covers our overall political, economic, and security relationship with Iraq, and a Security Agreement – otherwise known as the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) – that implementsGet price

Global executions down more than 25% in 2020, Amnesty says

Apr 21, 2021 · The number of executions in Saudi Arabia dropped by 85 per cent – from 184 in 2019, to 27 in 2020 – and in Iraq they more than halved from 100 in 2019 to 45 in 2020. The newly-released annual report, called Death Sentences and Executions 2020, also found that the number of death sentences known to have been imposed, 1,477, was also down byGet price

International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. GovernmentGet price

Grid switchgear uses sf 6, the world’s most potent greenhouse

Nov 25, 2019 · Sulphur Hexafluoride (sf6 gas) is described as the world’s worst greenhouse gas. It’s 23,500 times more potent than CO2. Global annual emissions are 8,100 tonnes, equivalent to the CO2 emissions of 100m cars. It has an atmospheric lifetime of over 1,000 years and its installed base is expected to grow by 75% by 2030. 80% of …Get price

Special Edition Iraq’s Petroleum Industry: Unsettled Issues

However, the development of Iraq’s petroleum sector has been severely hampered by decades of war, sanctions, underinvestment, the exodus of scores of technocrats, and sabotage. Repair-ing Iraq’s oil infrastructure and expanding exploration, development, and production is of paramount importance to the country’s future.Get price

Country Guidance: Iraq

COI Report: Iraq Internal Mobility (February 2019) [EN] COI Report: Iraq Actors of protection (November 2018) [EN] References within this document are to the respective sections of these COI reports. In addition, a recent UNHCR report on access and residency requirements in Iraq has been used as a source on the topic. 9 See . Annex II.Get price

Iraq Oil and Financial Dataset - Iraq Oil Report

Iraq Oil and Financial Dataset The Iraq Oil and Financial Dataset (IOFD) delivers a data-driven understanding of the oil sector and economy in both federal Iraq and the Kurdistan region. If you already have an account on our website, please login to continue.Get price

Spectroscopy Data Tables 1 Infrared Tables (short summary of

IR Summary - All numerical values in the tables below are given in wavenumbers, cm-1 Bonds to Carbon (stretching wave numbers) CC not used CN 1000-1350 CC CC CO 1050-1150 CC CN CO 1250 1100-1350 1600-1680 sp3 C-X single bonds sp2 C-X single bonds sp2 C-X double bonds sp C-X triple bonds CN 1640-1690 CO 1640-1810 CN 2100-2250 2240-2260Get price

Infrared spectroscopy - Wikipedia

Infrared spectroscopy is the measurement of the interaction of infrared radiation with matter by absorption, emission, or reflection. It is used to study and identify chemical substances or functional groups in solid, liquid, or gaseous forms. The method or technique of infrared spectroscopy is conducted with an instrument called an infrared spectrometer which produces an infrared spectrum. An IR spectrum can be visualized in a graph of infrared light absorbance on the vertical axis vs. frequencGet price

Iraq - Electricity Transmission Network | Data Catalog

Main nodes and major lines of the electricity transmission network of Iraq. Interconnection lines with neighboring countries included. The properties for nodesGet price

Siemens may have to share big Iraq power contract with GE

Siemens <SIEGn.DE may have to share a multi-billion dollar deal with U.S. rival General Electric <GE.N to improve Iraqenergy supply system following an intervention by President Donald TrumpGet price

Global Monitoring Laboratory - Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gases

Mar 05, 2021 · The table summarizes annual increases in atmospheric SF 6 based on globally averaged marine surface data.. PDF Version. The annual increase in atmospheric SF 6 in a given year is the increase in its abundance (mole fraction) from January 1 in that year to January 1 of the next year, after the seasonal cycle has been removed (as shown by the black lines in the figure above).Get price

Carbon monoxide - NIST

Data at NIST Subscription SitesInfrared SpectrumReferencesNotesNIST / TRC Web Thermo Tables, "lite" edition (thermophysical and thermochemical data)NIST / TRC Web Thermo Tables, professional edition (thermophysical and thermochemical data)See full list on webbook.nist.govGet price